Metal Brackets (Braces) : The most commonly used device in orthodontics, also known as braces, are fixed orthodontic appliances, also called brackets or metal braces. Metal colored ones are often used. It consists of retaining parts, called brackets, that adhere to the teeth and thin wires, also called arch wires, that pass through these parts. These wires transmit forces to the teeth through brackets and tooth movements are provided. The rubber rings that attach the brackets to the wires are called ligatures. Ligatures can be made in transparent or metallic gray color, as well as in various bright colors. In this way, colors suitable for the fashion of the day or the colors of your favorite team can be used.
Self Ligating Braces : In braces treatment, tiny attachments attached to the surface of the teeth are called brackets. The wire is inserted to these brackets. This connection creates some friction and causes an advantage in some tooth movements and a disadvantage in others. In self ligating brackets, this connection is designed to reduce friction a lot. If SL brackets are used when your orthodontist deems it appropriate, the treatment time, the time spent in the chair and the number of appointments are reduced. Self ligating brackets are not essential for all treatments. You can get information about this treatment from your orthodontist.
Clear Braces (Porcelain Wire) : With the development of technology, metal brackets have been replaced by less visible brackets called porcelain or clear braces. These brackets can be made of different materials such as plastic, glass silica, and some are clear and some are white in color. In previous years, mostly porcelain and plastic-based brackets were used and tooth movement was slow due to their high friction coefficient. These problems have been eliminated with special brackets showing metal properties that have been produced in recent years. Radiance brackets, an American Orthodontics brand, are used in clear brackets, as in all other materials in our clinic. In this way, both the desired aesthetics is provided and orthodontic treatment can be performed at the same time with metal brackets. The wires passing through the clear braces can sometimes be metallic and sometimes white colored.
Iconix Brackets : An innovation that has emerged in braces in recent years is light colored metal brackets. These braces can be produced in a lighter color than metal-colored brackets, so they can offer both the durability and non-breaking feature of metal brackets and the aesthetic advantage of transparent brackets.
Clear Aligners : In recent years, the increase in the demands of adults for orthodontic treatment, and the unwillingness of some people for fixed braces, has led to the emergence of removable and invisible clear aligners. Clear aligners, which are mostly known by the public as Invisalign, Orthoclear or Orthero brands, are produced digitally by making personalized planning on the dental measurements taken. Each aligner is used for 1-2 weeks and the teeth begin to improve gradually. The advantage of this method is that the clear aligners are almost invisible and can be removed at any time. Although not all defects can be corrected with this method, teeth can be corrected very easily in appropriate cases.
Lingual Orthodontics (Internally Inserted Wire) : In adults, lingual orthodontic treatment can be performed if the tooth defect is too bad to be corrected with clear aligners and if there is a condition that requires more detailed treatment. The brackets used in this method, popularly known as lingual orthodontics, are specially produced to fit the inner faces of the teeth and adhered with special adhesives. The advantage of this method is that the brackets are not visible at all and have all the advantages of fixed orthodontic treatment.
Removable Appliances : These appliances, which are mostly applied in childhood, are capable of correcting skeletal anomalies as well as correcting simple tooth crookedness. It is a short-term and cost-effective treatment option when used at an appropriate age and time.
Fixed Functional Devices (Powerscope) : These devices are often used in cases where the lower jaw is back, when skeletal correction is required. Although the appropriate age for skeletal correction varies from person to person, it is between the ages of 11-15. Fixed functional devices are suitable for giving the desired effect, especially in children who are a little late for treatment. These devices are tiny pistons that are attached to fixed braces, extending from the lower jaw to the upper jaw. They are not visible outside the mouth. If these devices, which are permanently in the mouth, are used at an appropriate age, they will show the desired effect in a few months.
Extraoral Devices : They are devices that are used in skeletal disorders and are popularly called chin cup or head-gear. With the emergence of modern techniques and materials, its use has decreased considerably in recent years.
Temporary Anchorage Devices (TAD) : They are tiny screws that are actually inserted into the bone, referred to as Anchorage screws in daily terminology. These screws are placed with a light local anesthesia and the teeth are moved with the support taken from them. The advantage of this is that other teeth are not affected at all during tooth movement. When the screws are finished, they can be easily removed, often without anesthesia.