Although Orthodontics is generally known as the correction of crooked teeth, it treats or contributes to dental, skeletal and functional problems such as tooth crookedness, the relations of the jaws with each other and the skull base, swallowing and speech problems, cleft lip and palate and breathing problems due to skeletal disorders. It is one of the most important disciplines.
In order to become an orthodontist, it is necessary to take 4-6 years of postgraduate training in the orthodontics departments of universities, after 5 years of dentistry education. Those who successfully complete these education are given the title of Orthodontist. The orthodontist takes an active role in the prevention and treatment of all orthodontic and orthopedic problems, from mild dental crowding to the treatment of craniofacial syndromes. Orthodontists generally specialize in preventive, interceptive and corrective treatments.