Gums are one of the most important elements in providing smile aesthetics by creating a contrast with tooth color. The shape, color or hardness of the gums may change due to genetic or subsequent reasons. Ideal gingiva should be light pink in color, hard consistency and sharp-edged.
The most important reason for the negative changes in the gums is the lack of oral hygiene. Inflammation occurs around teeth that are not brushed regularly. This causes the gums to become edematous, swollen and bleed. This is a very obvious picture of a gum infection. This can start with a simple gingivitis and develop into deep infections that can reach the bone holding the tooth. The most troublesome conditions in terms of pink aesthetics are the gums that are deformed due to infections.
In addition to infections, black coloration of the gums (pigmentation) can be seen in heavy smokers and generally in dark-skinned people. Factors such as mouth breathing, the use of certain drugs, hormonal changes (pregnancy and puberty periods) can also cause or trigger this situation. In this case, the first thing to do is to eliminate the cause. The first stage of this is to give a very good tooth brushing training and dental calculus cleaning. Then the edema in the gums is reduced. As a result of these measures, most of the time, the gums return to normal.
In some cases, it may be necessary to perform a gingival shaping procedure called gingivectomy or gingivoplasty. For this purpose, mechanical treatment with a classical scalpel, soft tissue laser or electrocautery can be used. The technique to be used will be determined by the dentist according to the gingival condition. This is how the tooth-gum harmony, which is important in the concept of pink aesthetics, is achieved. Gum color can also be lightened up to a few tons with the help of a laser. By quitting smoking, the color is ensured to be permanent.
One of the most important components of the pink aesthetic concept is the harmony of teeth and gums. It is necessary to use biocompatible materials in restorative dentistry. In cases where metal-based porcelain restorations were used, discoloration and opening could occur in the gums. Thanks to the biocompatible materials called zirconium used today, the gingiva has become more compatible with the veneer. Thus, both the risk of gum disease decreases and a much better appearance has emerged. In our Atasehir dental clinic, our prosthodontist can show you the condition that your teeth can achieve as a result of this treatment, digitally before the treatment. Similarly, biocompatible materials are used in implant prostheses and lamina dental treatments.
While talking about implant dental treatment, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of screw-connected prostheses on implants. The advantage of screw-connected implant-supported prostheses is that cleaning and maintenance is much easier and pink aesthetics is provided much more effectively. Gingival shaping is much more natural in screwed prostheses, thus making the implant-based prostheses look much more natural. Pink aesthetic implants are also provided in this way.